Europe - Timeline of Modern Art "isms"
In the diagrams below you'll see when the main "isms" of the period occured. Different texts will use slightly different dates as these were not generally movements as such, but more a general description of a type of art being practised at that time. Those "isms" in the lighter blue colours can be said to precede the period often defined as "Modern" but they are important as they help to explain how art was evolving, so they are included in this program.
Alfred H. Barr, Jr., founding Director of The Museum of Modern Art, wrote in the introduction to the catalogue for Cubism and Abstract Art that the exhibition was "intended as an historical survey of an important movement in modern art."
It was the first in a series of five exhibitions that were curated between 1936 and 1943 devoted to the principal movements in modern art. The series also included Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism and Romantic Painting in America.
This chart, hand-drawn by Barr, illustrates the historical development, currents and crosscurrents of modern art. It was a working draft of the first version of the chart that would appear on the dust jacket of the catalogue for Cubism and Abstract Art (see left).
Barr reworked the chart a number times thereafter as he never considered it definitive.
Examples of each Style
In this exercise, I would like you to choose two art styles which were closely linked in time.
Go to the pages for each of these styles and select two artworks to copy, noting their similarities and differences.
As you are painting or drawing these, can you see a natural progression or how one may have developed from the other?
How do you think the social and/or economic context influenced the artists?
Reflect on why you chose these works to copy.
Please use the scroll button on the right hand side to see the rest of the question and submit your response